The Secretary General

ACP-EU Development Minerals Programme, Phase II: Call for Expressions of Interest

ACP-EU CULTURE - Support for ACP audiovisual co-production EuropeAid/171459/IH/ACT/Multi Q&A no.2 27 March 2021 – 10 May 2021

ACP-EU CULTURE - Support for ACP audiovisual co-production EuropeAid/171459/IH/ACT/Multi Q&A 11 March 2021 - 26 March 2021

ACP EU CULTURE - Support for ACP audiovisual coproduction

ACP EU CULTURE - Support for ACP audiovisual coproduction

Call for proposals: ACP-EU Culture Programme - Support for culture and creation sectors in West Africa

Call for proposals: Grant scheme for support to implementation of Port Community Systems Maritime/Logistics Single Windows

Request for Proposals_Expert Firms offering Social Secretariat Services in Belgium

ACP-EU Culture: Grant Contracts Awarded During September 2020

ACP Innovation Fund – Publication of Grant Contract Awardees

Call for Declarations of Interest for Research and Innovation Policy Experts

Call for Expressions of Interest to request a policy service from the OACPS Research and Innovation Policy Support Facility

Request for Applications: Consultancy to Conduct KAP Surveys to Develop Awareness Strategies, Intra-ACP GCCA+ for the Caribbean

Boosting research and innovation in African, Caribbean and Pacific countries

Call for Proposals - “Promoting universal Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of vulnerable adolescents in Africa”

Works Contract Notice - Renovation works of the ACP Building, Brussels, Belgium - (Avenue Georges Henri, 451, 1200 Brussels)

WORKS CONTRACT NOTICE, Extensive Renovation Works of the ACP Building, Brussels, Belgium - ACP 4/1/83 (Vol. 1) Works 1/2019

Supporting the cultural and creative Sectors in the ACP Countries Q&A N.6 - 10 -25 March 2020

Corrigendum N.3 EuropeAid/167697/IH/ACT/Multi

Supporting the cultural and creative sectors in ACP countries - QUESTIONS & ANSWERS no 5. - 29/02/2020 - 09/03/2020

Supporting the cultural and creative sectors in the ACP countries - EuropeAid/167697/IH/ACT/Multi - QUESTIONS & ANSWERS no. 4 - 25 January 2020 - 28 February 2020

Supporting the cultural and creative sectors in the ACP countries - EuropeAid/167697/IH/ACT/Multi - QUESTIONS & ANSWERS, no. 3 - 18-24 January 2020

Corrigendum N.2 EuropeAid/167697/IH/ACT/Multi

Supporting the cultural and creative sectors in the ACP countries - EuropeAid/167697/IH/ACT/Multi - QUESTIONS & ANSWERS, Information session – 12 February 2020


Grants awarded under the EuropeAid call for proposals EuropeAid/164206/IH/ACT/Multi publié le 17.04.2019

Supporting the cultural and creative sectors in the ACP countries – Q&A #2 – 12/01/2020

Calls for Proposals and Tenders - ACP EU Culture Supporting the Cultural and Creative Sectors in ACP Countries

Seeking partnership under ACP Innovation Fund?

Intra-ACP Programmes

ACP in Action: Interactive Map of Intra-ACP Projects in the Member States
Action Against Desertification
African Peace Facility
Aviation Africa
Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA)
ACP Business Climate
Competitive Industries and Innovation Programme
Coton ACP
ACP EU Culture / ACP UE Culture
ACP-EU Commodities Programme
ACP-EU Development Minerals Programme
ACP-EU Energy Facility
ACP-EU Fish II Programme
Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA Intra-ACP)
Hub & Spokes - Enhancing Trade Capacity in ACP
Initiative Francophone Por La Formation A Distance Des Maitres (IFADEM)
Intra-ACP Agricultural Policy Programme (APP)
Intra-ACP Academic Mobility Scheme
ACP Multilateral Environmental Agreements
ACP-EU Microfinance Programme
ACP-EU Migration Action
Minising the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKES)
ACP Mining Database
ACP MEAs (Multilateral Environmental Agreements)
ACP Multilateral Trading System Programme
ACP-EU Natural Disaster Risk Reduction Programme
ACP Observatory on Migration
Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme
Renewed Partnership: Strengthening pharmaceutical systems and improving access to quality medicines
ACP-EU Science and Technology
Strengthening Fishery Products
ACP-EU Technical Barriers to Trade Programme
ACP-EU Water Facility
Centre Technique de Coopération Agricole et Rurale (CTA)
Sustainable Wildlife Management (SWM) Programme  / Programme de gestion durable de la faune sauvage (SWM) 



Printer-friendly versionPDF version

As the clock struck midnight on Saturday the 9th of July, the town of Juba and the people of South Sudan were all agog in celebrating a new dawn and the birth of Africa’s newest nation. More than 30 world leaders gathered in the new country’s capital, the majority of them from our own ACP countries.

This marks an end to a half-century of conflict which has taken such a devastating toll on communities and physical infrastructures. The Government of the North in Khartoum should also be congratulated for having been the first to formally recognise the independence of the new South Sudan. It takes exceptional courage to accept with equanimity the partition of one’s country in this manner. But perhaps there was no other alternative.

Earlier in the year, in January, some 4 million South Sudanese voted overwhelmingly in favour of independence from the North. This was part of the 2005 Naivasha settlement. This was a Comprehensive Peace Agreement brokered by Kenya that saw the ending of a long civil war which claimed more than 2 million lives and wreaked untold devastation on an entire region.

Amicable divorces of this sort are not unknown in history, the most classic being that of erstwhile Czechoslovakia, where the Czechs and the Slovaks, following the collapse of the Soviet Empire, voted in 1993 to dissolve the union that was put together by the legendary philosopher-statesman Thomas Masaryk. It was a separation that was done without the firing of a single shot, thanks to the statesmanship of leaders such as Vaclav Havel.

When Sudan got its independence from the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium on 1st January 1956, the country was seen as a great experiment on how Arabs and Africans could live together in peace and amity as one people. Sudan stands at the vortex of civilisational fault lines; the North representing Arab-Muslim civilisation and the South representing Negro-African, predominantly Christian culture. A zero-sum vision of politics was, however, not inevitable. Like many Sudanese patriots, John Garang, late president of the Southern Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army (SPLA) and the jurist Mansur Khalid from the Arab North, shared the vision of a united, indivisible Sudan. Sadly, their dream could not be fulfilled. John Garang died in a helicopter crash in July 2005.

Throughout the years after independence, Southern leaders bitterly complained that the North monopolised political and economic power while their own region was kept in permanent subjection. As in Apartheid South Africa, Southerners alleged that they faced systematic racial, ethno-sectarian and institutional discrimination. These grievances were to lead to one of the world’s longest and bitterest civil conflict. For decades, the world ignored the Sudanese tragedy. The recent discovery of oil has changed the geopolitical equation.

Conflict has left a massive humanitarian tragedy in its trail. South Sudan became what the Nigerian Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka would term “the open sore of a continent”. Millions of southerners became refugees, with disease and destitution characterising the life-situation of the majority.

With a population of 8 million people and a landmass of 620 square kilometres, this resource-rich South Sudan also boasts some of the most fertile agricultural lands in the world. British anthropologist Sir Evans-Pritchard and other scholars had long studied the great Nilotic communities of this ancient region of Africa. The Dinka, Nuer, Azande and Shilluk are the inheritors of a great culture that can be traced back to the ancient Cushitic civilisations that floured in the Nile valley since Biblical times.

Even with massive oil reserves, the leaders of the Republic of South Sudan will face very daunting challenges. The country has barely 50 km of tarred roads as compared to the North’s 2,500 km. Only 2% of the population possess the equivalent of a secondary school education.  With a per capita income of only US$300, South Sudan is among the poorest countries in the world. It is also an estimated 90 percent of the population live on less than US$1 a day. Hundreds of schools and clinics will have to be built from scratch. The basic infrastructure needs have been estimated at over $10 billion annually. It is a very sobering reality when weighed against an annual budget of only US$2 billion.

An entire generation has grown up knowing war, violence and humiliation as their only life-experience. There are, clearly, wounds that only time can heal. A generation that has grown up on violence will need to b re-educated on the ways of civility. The vocation of the leaders of the new country is to hasten the process of this healing and to lay the foundations for a just and lasting peace.

South Sudan observers have been increasingly concerned about the potential for ethnic conflict which remains latent. There is also the disputed territory of Abyei which remains a touchy issue between the North and the South. Given that the oil pipeline passes through the North, how the oil wealth is shared will sooner or later have to be revisited. Tackling these problems will require political wisdom and statesmanship of the highest order.

With its vast petroleum resources and rich soils, South Sudan has most of the ingredients for its own development. The task before the leadership is to build a prosperous multiethnic democracy based on the ideals of enlightenment, solidarity and the rule of law. A liberty won at the price of so much blood and sacrifice must be jealously protected at all costs.

The Republic of South Sudan will need all the support it can get from the international development community. It would require considerable investments in infrastructure, capacity development, state building and social and economic reconstruction. I am optimistic that the ACP Group will support the new country as an important new member when they formally apply to join the ACP family of nations.

  • (Dr. Mailafia is Chef de Cabinet of the ACP Secretariat)

Rue de l'Aqueduc 118
Ixelles - 1050, Bruxelles - Brussels
Belgique - Belgium
email :
Tel: +32 2 743 06 00
Fax: +32 2 735 55 73
see map/voir plan



« September 2021 »
ACP Public Documents
User login

The ACP Group is a registered trademark. The ACP logo and material on this site are protected by copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Unauthorised use of the ACP logo or copyright material without written permission is punishable by law.